Summarize Spoken Text

You will hear a short report. Write a summary for a fellow student who was not present. You should write 50-70 words. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points presented in the lecture.

Mary mallon (玛丽马龙)

Updated at: 2018-11-30 新题 预测 机经题

Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary, was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the pathogen associated with typhoid fever. She was presumed to have infected 51 people, three of whom died, over the course of her career as a cook.1 She was twice forcibly isolated by public health authorities and died after a total of nearly three decades in isolation.23From 1900 to 1907, Mallon worked as a cook in the New York City area for seven families.7 In 1900, she worked in Mamaroneck, New York, where, within two weeks of her employment, residents developed typhoid fever. In 1901, she moved to Manhattan, where members of the family for whom she worked developed fevers and diarrhea, and the laundress died. Mallon then went to work for a lawyer; she left after seven of the eight people in that household became ill.
In 1906, she took a position in Oyster Bay, Long Island, and within two weeks 10 of the 11 family members were hospitalized with typhoid. She changed jobs again, and similar occurrences happened in three more households. She worked as a cook for the family of a wealthy New York banker, Charles Henry Warren. When the Warrens rented a house in Oyster Bay for the summer of 1906, Mallon went along too. From August 27 to September 3, six of the 11 people in the family came down with typhoid fever. The disease at that time was "unusual" in Oyster Bay, according to three medical doctors who practiced there
玛丽·马伦(Mary Mallon),又称伤寒玛丽(Typhoid Mary),是美国第一个被确定为与伤寒有关的病原体的无症状携带者的人。据推测,在做饭的过程中,她感染了51人,其中3人死亡。1她两次被公共卫生当局强行隔离,并在隔离了近三十年后死亡。23从1900年到1907年。 ,马伦(Mallon)在纽约市地区的七个家庭当厨师。71900年,她在纽约马马罗内克(Mamaroneck)工作,在她受雇的两周内,居民患了伤寒。 1901年,她移居曼哈顿,在那里工作的家庭成员发烧和腹泻,便服死亡。然后,马伦去找律师工作。在那个家庭的八个人中有七个人生病之后,她离开了。
1906年,她在长岛牡蛎湾(Oyster Bay)任职,两周之内,这11名家庭成员中有10名因伤寒住院。她再次换了工作,另外三个家庭也发生了类似的情况。她曾为纽约一位富有的银行家查尔斯·亨利·沃伦(Charles Henry Warren)的家庭做饭。当Warrens在1906年夏天租用牡蛎湾的房子时,Mallon也走了。从8月27日至9月3日,全家11人中有6人因伤寒而倒下。据牡蛎湾的三位医生说,当时的疾病在牡蛎湾是“不寻常的”